Managed Detection & Response

Understanding EDR, XDR, MDR, NDR, SIEM, and SOAR – Exploring Cyber Security Solutions and the Benefits of a Managed SOC

Among the array of cyber security acronyms, EDR, XDR, NDR, MDR, SIEM, and SOAR are gaining prominence. These solutions help organisations detect, respond to, and mitigate security incidents effectively. The threat landscape is ever evolving and in order for organisations to protect themselves it requires robust security solutions. 

In this blog post, we will delve into each of these terms, exploring their definitions, differences, and similarities. Additionally, we will discuss the advantages of leveraging a third-party Managed Security Operations Centre (SOC) solution to help strengthen your security posture. 

Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR)

Focusing on protecting endpoints, such as workstations, laptops, and servers. EDR solutions monitor and record endpoint activity, including file modifications, network connections, and system behaviour, to identify potential security incidents. EDR offers real-time visibility, threat detection, and incident response capabilities at the endpoint level.

Network Detection and Response (NDR)

Focused on monitoring network traffic and identifying threats and anomalies. NDR solutions leverage network traffic analysis and behaviour analytics to detect suspicious activities, lateral movement, and data exfiltration. By analysing network packets and metadata, NDR helps organisations detect and respond to network-based threats effectively. 

Extended Detection and Response (XDR) 

As cyber-attacks develop and organisations migrate to the cloud, it became evident that securing just endpoints was not enough. Cyber security needs to be a proactive and ever changing, as a result EDR evolved to XDR.

XDR expands beyond the endpoint and encompasses multiple security layers. XDR integrates data from various sources, such as endpoints, networks, cloud environments, and other security tools to provide a comprehensive view of the organisation’s security posture. XDR combines advanced analytics, threat intelligence, and automation to detect and respond to sophisticated attacks across multiple domains. 

Managed Detection and Response (MDR)

Combining threat detection, incident response, and continuous monitoring to protect digital assets and networks against cyber threats. Organisations gain a comprehensive and proactive approach to managing and responding to cyber threats, providing enhanced protection and peace of mind. 

Security Orchestration, Automation, and Response (SOAR)

Aims to streamline and automate security operations tasks. It integrates with various security tools, such as SIEM, EDR, and threat intelligence platforms, to automate incident response workflows. SOAR platforms enable security teams to orchestrate response actions, automate routine tasks, and leverage playbooks for consistent incident handling, reducing response time and enhancing efficiency.

Security Information and Event Management (SIEM)

Aggregates and correlates security event data from various sources within an organisation’s IT infrastructure. It provides real-time monitoring, log management, and incident response capabilities. A SIEM helps detect security incidents, track their progression, and facilitate compliance reporting. It acts as a central hub for collecting and analysing security logs and events. 

A snapshot –

DifferencesSimilarities
XDR is a more comprehensive solution covering security domains, while EDR and NDR focus on endpoints and networks, respectively. XDR, MDR, NDR, EDR, SIEM, and SOAR all aim to enhance your ability to detect, respond to, and mitigate security incidents effectively. 
MDR is a managed service that combines technology and human expertise for detection and response, whereas XDR, EDR, NDR, SIEM, and SOAR have broader detection and response capabilities. They leverage advanced analytics, threat intelligence, and automation to improve incident detection and response capabilities. 
SIEM primarily focuses on log management, correlation, and compliance reporting, while XDR, MDR, EDR, NDR, and SOAR have broader detection and response capabilities. These solutions contribute to an organisation’s overall security posture by providing real-time monitoring, threat detection, and incident response functionalities. 

An Overview –

 EDR, NDR, and XDR are focused on specific domains, while SIEM and SOAR are more overarching in their approach.  XDR integrates data from multiple sources, while EDR and NDR primarily focus on a single domain. 
 SIEM provides centralised log management and analysis, while SOAR adds automation and orchestration capabilities to incident response workflows.  EDR, NDR, XDR, SIEM, and SOAR all contribute to improving an organisation’s overall security posture by detecting and responding to security incidents efficiently. 

These solutions are all critical components of an organisation’s cyber security arsenal. While each solution has its specific focus, they collectively contribute to a robust defence against cyber threats. 

What is a Managed SOC?

A Managed Security Operations Centre (SOC) is a model delivered by a service provider via a dedicated team of security experts who proactively monitor the organisation’s networks, systems, applications, and endpoints for potential security threats. These experts use advanced security tools, technologies, and methodologies to detect, analyse, and respond to security incidents in real-time. 

Some key components and activities typically associated with a Managed SOC include: 

  • 24/7 Monitoring: Providing continuous monitoring of an organisation’s IT environment, including networks, servers, endpoints, cloud environments, and applications. This ensures that potential security incidents are promptly identified and addressed. 
  • Threat Detection and Analysis: Teams leverage a combination of security technologies, threat intelligence feeds, and advanced analytics to identify and analyse security threats. They monitor network traffic, log data, and system events to detect indicators of compromise and anomalous behaviour. 
  • Incident Response: When a security incident is detected, the Managed SOC team initiates an incident response process. They investigate the incident, determine its scope, and impact, and take appropriate actions to mitigate the threat. This may include containment, eradication, and recovery activities. CyberCrowd offer incident response alongside their SOC, putting our experts on the pitch to help you when you need it most. 
  • Vulnerability Management: Vulnerability assessments help organisation’s identify areas of potential weaknesses in systems and applications and provide recommendations for remediation, helping to strengthen both the vulnerability management process and the overall security posture of an organisation.
  • Threat Intelligence: Continuously gathering and analysing threat intelligence from various sources, including industry reports, security vendors, and their own research. This helps in understanding the threat landscape and improving detection and response capabilities. 
  • Reporting and Communication: Regular reports provide clear communication to the organisation’s stakeholders. These reports highlight security incidents, trends, and recommendations. 
  • Continuous Improvement: Analyse incident data, metrics, and feedback to refine their detection and response capabilities, optimise security controls, and enhance their overall effectiveness. 

By outsourcing functions to a Managed SOC provider, organisations gain access to a dedicated team of cyber security experts, advance technologies, and 24/7 monitoring capabilities. This enables them to bolster their security defences, improve incident response times, and ensure ongoing protection against evolving cyber threats. 

Ultimately, these advantages empower organisations to strengthen their security posture, mitigate risks, and safeguard their valuable assets from today’s ever-evolving cyber threats.

We are always happy to help, if you have any questions or would like to know more about what solution could be right for you, please get in touch.